August Theme: Architecture and Design
August’s 12 Month of Math theme is Architecture and Design. You’ve probably seen buildings that you thought were particularly beautiful or that you thought were different from any other building you’ve seen before. Somebody had to design those buildings and that somebody is called an architect. Architects use a lot math in creating their designs. They have to consider what shapes to use that will be pleasing to the eye, they use ratios and proportions in creating models of the buildings before they are actually built, and they use angles and measurements to make sure all the different parts of the building will fit together correctly. But design goes beyond just buildings. Everything we use from furniture, to cars, to doorknobs was designed by someone and they used math to do it. What will you design?
Topic: Building with shapes
Little did you know, you estimate all day long!
- When will dinner be ready?
- How long will it take to get to work or school?
- How far is it to the movies?
- How much will the groceries cost?
- How many people will be at the party?
An estimation is an educated guess based on your knowledge and experience. Estimates can help you with spending, time management, planning, or to sooth an impatient child. (Are we there yet?) Take a look at these Estimation opportunities you can engage in with your child.
Try it! Estimations
Notice the shapes around you!
Next time you are walking around town or driving through a neighborhood have your child look at the different buildings and structures you are passing.
- What shapes do they notice?
- Are all the buildings made of rectangles and squares?
- Or do some have arches or curves?
- Do the bridges have any triangles in them?
- How many different shapes can they find on their own house?
Create shapes with other shapes:
With your child, use building blocks to build as many different shapes as you can.
- Can you use square blocks to make a pyramid?
- Can you use triangle pieces to make an arch?
- What other shapes can you make? A circle? A trapezoid?
- Are some shapes sturdier than others?
Experimenting with how things fit together is a great way to flex your spacial reasoning skills. Math skills, such as spacial reasoning, are like any other skill, with practice and experience you get better and more comfortable with it.
Events and Daily Activities
Math in Architecture and Design
Think It, Build It! Challenge
Explora’s New STEAM Room & Rotary Pavilion
Saturday, August 25, 2018
In August, 12 Months of Math celebrates Architecture & Design. Saturday, August 25, 2018, 11am-2pm, visitors of all ages are welcome to let their imaginations and creativity loose as they explore designing and building through fun challenges hosted by professionals working in STEM. See how Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math are important in engineering design and construction.
Explore your understanding of architecture and design in three separate challenges, each led by a different STEM professional. Try one, two, or all three challenges.
- 11–11:45am Challenge #1 presentation by Indigo Moose
- 12–12:45pm Challenge #2 presentation by Indigenous Design and Planning Institute
- 1–1:45pm Challenge #3 presentation by WSP USA
Each Think It, Build It Challenge will engage families in a fun, interactive challenge—plan, build, and test! Families will also have the opportunity to interact with, and learn from, professionals from the field.
Think It, Build It! Challenges are included with general admission and free for Explora members.
Daily Math Activities
Mathematics is used by architects to express the design images on a drawing that can then be used by construction workers to build that image for everyone to see. Mathematics is needed to analyze and calculate structural problems in order to engineer a solution that will assure that a structure will remain standing and stable. The sizes and shapes of the elements of a design are possible to describe because of mathematical principles such as the Pythagorean Theorem. Read more
Instead of designing a building, why not plan out an entire community? Urban planning is an architecture career for designers that involves meeting with officials, building professionals, and local citizens to decide the best options for land use. You must consider zoning, environmental issues, economic concerns, and the needs of residents to create your plan.
If you’re more about the building than the design, this job may be for you. Carpenters work with architects to bring their ideas to life using math, creating features in the buildings such as walls, supports, stairwells, door frames, and even furniture.
Another architecture career to consider is a civil engineer. Your job will be to organize the plans for buildings by analyzing costs, ensuring compliance with government regulations, monitoring environmental safety, and determining material stability. Civil engineers often work onsite to oversee construction projects.
While architects design the outside of the house or building, your job is to decorate the inside. Your create a design scheme after reviewing blueprints for a home, office space, or other building. Abiding by local building regulations and using calculated measurements, you will find the perfect lighting, furniture, and other fixtures to utilize the space effectively.
Your job will be to calculate a budget, prepare estimates, and hire subcontractors to make an architect or engineer’s project come to life. Your responsibilities include ensuring you stick to legal requirements and safety codes while building structures, public spaces, roads, or bridges.
Information provided by STEMJOBS.com
Learn how these professionals use math in their careers:
12 Months of Math is looking for math events and opportunities to engage New Mexico families. If you would like to share math information with us please fill in this contact form.