Mathematical concepts and tools are utilized regularly in farming and ranching to estimate yields; plan for seed, fertilizer, water, and feed requirements; and prepare products for market. September’s 12 Months of Math activities are designed to provide concrete examples of math in agriculture and to highlight the various STEM careers associated with the agriculture industry.
Infants listen to every word they hear. Their ability to say words and understand how those words relate to the physical world develops daily.
Counting is a basic vocabulary/math concept. Try counting out loud during meal or play time. “How many crackers do we have? 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.” Touch each piece as you count. Your child will begin to understand the relationship between objects and numbers.
Toddlers are learning to “show” numbers. They may learn the number 2 can be shown with 2 fingers. “How old are you.” Instead of saying he is 2 years old, he holds up 2 fingers.
Toddlers enjoy playing with objects they can build and arrange. Showing your child a set of 3 objects say, “I have 3 blocks. Can you show me three blocks?” As they collect their own 3 blocks, you can help count while touching each of their blocks, counting 1, 2, 3.
Preschoolers are beginning to use their understanding of their environment to problem solve. They have new vocabulary and knowledge about their surroundings. This is the time to let them be creative in their thinking.
Ask your child open ended questions about counting, addition, or time. Give her plenty of time to think, then listen to the explanation. Focus on the thought process more than the “correct” answer. “How many donuts do you think we will need?”
Your school-age child will have math input from a wider variety of sources including parents, siblings, grandparents, friends, and now professional educators. This is the time to really engage them in your everyday math. Estimating how much things cost, or planning daily schedules using concepts of time or distance, are regular events to get your child thinking.
Present real math problems to your child. “Our dinner costs $12.50. If I give the cashier a twenty dollar bill, how much change should I get back?” Remember to give your child time to think, then ask how they got their answer. Talk about their explanation and share your thinking as well.
The United States is one of the world’s largest producers, consumers, exporters, and importers of agricultural products. The agricultural industry is comprised of several categories including: farming, forestry and fishing, food and beverage processing and packages, textile, apparel and leather manufacturing, and food and beverages stores and eating places. The agricultural industry as defined contributes nearly $1 trillion to the national economy and just over 21 million jobs.
Do farmers use math?
They sure do, all day long. Farmers use units of time, measurement, estimation, money, proportion, geometry, and numerical labeling for seed, cattle, and equipment. Read more about Math on the Farm.
Here are a few of the math-related careers that are a part of the agricultural industry:
Agronomist: In this career you may study soil quality and characteristics, and research how to improve soil use and conservation.
Horticulturist: In this career you may work with plants of all kinds to study how each grows best, improving on growing practices, or genetics testing for plants.
Nutritionist: In this career you may examine the impact of various food on animals and humans. You may make discoveries on benefits or dangers in food consumption.
Read an extensive Math in Agriculture Careers compiled by the Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services
12 Months of Math is looking for math events and opportunities to engage New Mexico families. If you would like to share math information with us please fill in this contact form.